Leaking Toilets
Leaking toilets waste more water than any other household fixture and can waste 90 gallons of water a day! Fixing a leaky toilet conserves water and saves money.  To help determine if you have a leaking toilet, simply remove the tank lid and place a few drops of food coloring in back of the toilet tank. If you don’t have food coloring, you can pick up free leak detector tables at our office. Wait about 30 minutes without flushing and then look in the toilet bowl to see of any color has come through. If the water is clear, water is not leaking. If you see coloring in the bowl you have a leak. In most cases, you will simply need to replace the toilet flapper and/or filling mechanism. These are available at hardware or home center stores.

Flapper Valve Leaks
The most common reason for a leaking toilet is a flapper that is not working or sealing properly. The flapper is the rubber valve in the bottom of the tank that lifts up when the toilet is flushed. If the flapper is worn or cracked it allows water to continuously flow from the tank into the toilet bowl without flushing.

Flush Handle Problems
If the handle needs to be jiggled to keep the toilet from running, the flush level bar and chain (or the handle itself) may be sticking. Adjust the nut that secures it in the toilet tank. If that does not work, the handle may have to be replaced.

Overflow Tube Leaks
Ideally, the water level should be set so that it is about even with the fill line on the back of the toilet tank (approximately ½” below the overflow tube). If the water is too high in the toilet tank and is spilling into the overflow tube, the water level can be adjusted by turning the adjustment screw or by very gently bending the float arm down so the water shuts off at a level below the overflow tube. (Note: If none of these steps solve the problem, you may need to contact a plumber to repair or replace the toilet.)

Leaking Faucets
Leaking faucets are generally a result of a worn rubber washer. The washer on a sink is usually located under the handle. These are relatively easy to replace if you have the right tools. It does require shutting off the water under the sink or at the main shutoff valve and removing the handle. (Note: faucet handles are not shutoff valves.) Check your local home center or hardware store on how to repair faucet leaks.

Use Your Water Meter to Check for Leaks
The best way to determine if you have a leak in your plumbing system is by checking your water meter. If you do not know where your meter is located call us at (406) 844-3881.

  1. Make sure no water is being used inside or outside of your house.

  2. Locate your water meter and check the leak indicator to see if it is moving. Depending on the brand of your meter, the leak indicator could be a small triangular shaped dial or a small silver wheel that rotates when water is flowing through the meter. If the dial is moving, chances are you have a leak.

  3. You can also take a meter reading and wait 1 or 2 hours and take another meter reading (make sure no water is used during this time). If the reading has changed you have a leak.

After you have determined that you have a leak, the next step is to determine if the leak is inside or outside of your house. 

  1. Locate your home’s main shut off valve and turn to shut off the water. Typically, you will find the shut off valve in the basement or garage directly behind an outdoor faucet or outside below an outdoor faucet. 
  2. Again, check the leak indicator for movement or use the meter reading method making sure not to use any water during this period. If the leak indicator stops moving or there is no change in the meter readings, you have a leak inside the house. If the leak indicator continues to move or there is a change in the meter readings, the leak is outside between the meter and the house.

If you are unable to locate the leak, you may need to call a plumber.

Finding Other Water Leaks
The water you drink and bathe with is delivered under pressure, so a leak can be very obvious. Wastewater, on the other hand, is usually moved by gravity and is not under pressure. This makes wastewater leaks much harder to detect. If you suspect a wastewater leak, please call our Maintenance & Operations department at 406-844-3881.

Be aware that the exact location of a leak may not always be immediately obvious. Some leaks may start at one location and flow along a ledge or other channel for a distance before they drain down and create some visible damage.

Look for wet, warped, or discolored stains on your ceilings, floors, walls, and woodwork (such as the bottom of your kitchen or bathroom sink cabinet). As you attempt repair, be sure to check twice for the actual location of the leak, not just the resulting damage from the leak.

Condensation can also be a form of water leak. While condensation is normal, excessive condensation can cause damage to your walls, ceilings, floors, and woodwork. If there is too much condensation, insulating your pipes may stop or reduce the condensation.

Underground Leak Detection
Visual – Look (and feel) for portions of your property that are always wet. Look at your driveway, curb, or street for evidence of water flow. The evidence may not be a steady stream of water; it may only be a puddle that never dries up or a darker spot (e.g., when water is spilt on dry concrete).

Meter Reading – Look at your water meter and write down the meter reading. Don’t run any water for a few hours. Re-read your meter. If it shows use and you’ve already fixed all other known leaks, you may have an underground leak.